For a long time, biometric authentication has been considered to be the safest and more secure way of identifying users and granting access to IT and non-IT services. It has just one serious drawback: you cannot change the biometric credentials, this is centainly “you”, and if your biometric credentials are stolen, someone could impersonate “you”.
This is what has happened in the OPM hack, the latest news reports that 5.6 million fingerprints of USA federal employees have been stolen, see wired for example. Information about this is scarce and it is not clear which is the format of the stolen fingerprints and how easy it could be to reproduce them. Security experts believe that it will be possible, sooner or later, to reproduce them, it is just a question of time, technology and money.
So what about the persons who have their fingerprints stolen and possibly reproduced by others? What about the security consequences for companies and the state?
How can we use the security of biometrics without the associated risk of impersonation?
A couple of interesting news on authentication and passwords:
- Telepathwords is a (Microsoft Research) website which tests passwords you digit into it, to verify their strength by checking how likely the next character in the password is to appear in common words and password checking tools; at first sight the idea seems nice, but I wonder to the usefulness of writing your passwords in a public website: obviously any password tested in the website cannot be used, so this should be taken only as an exercise to learn how to create good passwords (moreover, I tested it with pseudo-random generated password and the results were not completely clear to me)
- “Nymi Is A Heartwave-Sensing Wristband That Wants To Replace All Your Passwords & Keys”: it is a wristband that measures your unique (but I have no idea how much “unique” that it is) heartwave and, via bluetooth, authenticates you to any (capable) device; it is the first time I hear of this kind of biometrics and I suspect that it shares with all other biometrics authentication approaches, good and bad points.
We all know very well that username+password is a very weak form of authentication. Unfortunately alternative universal and more secure methods are not available.
Some researcher (see here for example) are proposing to use our mobile phones as pencils to draw our signature in the air and to use this movement as our password. This approach has many interesting characteristics, from the hardware-set used, to the movement itself which can be extremely difficult to replicate, much more difficult than a fingerprint, and a few drawbacks like the obvious need of space to do it.
There is already an App for Android that you can download here. In any case, more research is needed in particular in the full evaluation of the security features of this almost biometric authentication method.